Abnormal growths of cells that are non cancerous are called benign tumors. These growths serve no purpose and grow only in one place. They also do not spread to other parts of the body. In other words, a benign or a non-cancerous tumor is not a malignant tumor and is incapable of causing cancer. Benign tumors have a very slow growth rate unlike malignant tumors. They have normal cell features and have an outer fibrous sheath of connective tissue. Growth of may benign tumors together can compress tissues resulting in nerve damage, ischemia, necrosis and specific damage to the organ. Some examples of benign tumors are moles and uterine fibroids. When a benign tumor is surgically treated and removed, it usually does not grow back.
Difference between benign and malignant at a glance
|Potentially non-invasive||potentially invasive|
|Do not metastize||They metastize|
|Grow very slowly||They grow fast|
|Lower health risk||Higher health risk|
Usually the symptoms of benign tumor depend upon the location of the tumor. But some possible symptoms are outlined as below.
An exposed tumor may be diagnosed as non-malignant upon physical exam. Diagnosis of benign tumors is done generally to establish their potential malignancy. Some tests that are conducted are mentioned below.
Ultrasound :An ultrasound scan helps to detect whether the mass of tumor is solid or liquid.
CT scan :Images from different angles is taken to view the tumor for malignancy or any potential invasive capacity.
X-ray :One of the oldest methods used to diagnose any internal problem with the body including a tumor.
MRI :Magnetic Resonance Imaging is done using high powered magnets to obtain detailed images of the body’s soft tissues.
Treatment :a vast majority of the benign tumours will require surgical removal.