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What is emergency abdominal surgery?

More patients are admitted to emergency units worldwide with symptoms pertaining to the abdomen than any other part of the body. Most of those symptoms are temporary and can be tackled easily with some medications while some require advanced investigations and surgical treatment. The abdomen has many independent organs and each of them can be involved in different disease processes. Surgical treatment is also varied according to the organ involved and the disease process. Notable organs in the abdomen include liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, appendix and large intestine. And one or a combination of these organs can get affected all of a sudden need surgical treatment to set them right.

Who should undergo emergency abdominal surgery?

There are many surgical conditions which will require emergency abdominal surgery. This will include acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, acute intestinal obstruction, Intestinal perforation and a host of other conditions. Most of these are diagnosed by clinical examination and some require a CAT scan or an ultrasound. If not operated immediately, they may lead to some serious abdominal problems. Presently laparoscopy is the usual method to enter the abdomen and in rare cases like in abdominal injury, a laparotomy (opening the abdomen)is required.

How can one avoid delay in these patients requiring emergency abdominal surgery?

Most senior surgeons can easily detect the need for emergency surgery and make arrangements to tackle them right away before it is too late. Any unnecessary delay in diagnosing and treating will cause morbidity and sometimes mortality. Based on symptoms, a patient needs to be seen by someone from the surgical team as soon as the patient is brought to the emergency, a quick resuscitation is done and investigations ordered. Based on the results of those investigations an urgent need for surgery is decided and the patient is wheeled into the operation room.

Dr. Patta Radhakrishna and his team have immense experience of over 25 years in dealing with emergency abdominal surgery with excellent results. He keeps himself UpToDate with the latest technology and surgical techniques.