Date : 14-Sep-2020
Portal Hypertension is a medical term used to refer to increased blood pressure in the blood vessels (Portal Vein) heading to the liver. Inside the human abdomen, the veins coming from the stomach, intestine, spleen and pancreas, join the portal vein, divide into smaller veins, which flows into and through the liver. If any form of liver damage blocks the flow of blood, then the blood pressure in the portal system increases, leading to the swelling of the veins in this area. Such veins can burst, leading to potentially life-threatening medical complications.
Treatment for this condition focuses mainly on the prevention and the management of the various complications caused by the disease. These may include:
Endoscopic Therapy: This is often considered the first line of defence, mainly to stop the internal bleeding, if any. This can be either banding, where the surgeon uses a surgical rubber band to block the vein and stop the bleeding; or it can be Sclerotherapy, where a blood clotting solution is injected into the wound.
Medications: This can include Non Selective Beta Blockers. Beta Blockers are blood pressure medication, and Non Selective Beta Blockers are a subdivision of these. These are used with patients with risk of bleeding.
Lifestyle Changes: This can include: Total stoppage of alcohol intake and any forms of recreational drugs; Abstain from using over the counter drugs and herbal medicine without doctor’s advice; A very strict low salt, reduced protein diet.
Blog reviewed by: Dr. Patta Radhakrishna
Mail us: firstname.lastname@example.org
Book appointment: www.thegastrosurgeon.com/book-appointment