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Jaundice Specialist in Chennai


Jaundice Specialist in Chennai

Jaundice Specalist in Chennai

What is Jaundice ?

Jaundice, causes your skin and the white portion of the eyes to turn yellow. Excess production of Bilirubin causes Jaundice. As the red blood cells break down, the body reproduces new cells to replace them. A state where the liver is not able to control the breakdown of red blood cells, bilirubin piles in the body and makes your skin look yellow.

Jaundice, is a condition in which Bilirubin (compound released by breakdown of haemoglobin from red blood cells) gets circulated in the blood. The excess production of bilirubin causes the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes in mouth also to turn yellowish in color.

How Jaundice is Affected ?

Jaundice can be caused by the effect of different diseases. They include

  • Normally arises when the bilirubin metabolism or excretion is affected.
  • Due to rapid or fast breakdown and destruction of red blood cells which the liver is not able to control.

This affects the blood as the amount of the red blood cells thus produced get mixed in the blood. Thereby causing the skin to turn yellow.

Causes for Jaundice :

  • Malaria caused by mosquitoes produced in stagnant or still waters.
  • Sickle cell crisis
  • Spherocytosis
  • thalassemia
  • Glucose -6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
  • Drugs or toxins.
  • Auto immune disorders.

2 Types of Jaundice :

Hepatic Jaundice – :

Caused due to the problem in liver. The liver is unable to properly metabolize and excrete Bilirubin. Some factors that leads to Hepatic Jaundice are

  • Hepatitis ( basically alcohol related)
  • Cirrhosis
  • Drugs
  • Crigler- Najjar Syndrome
  • Gilbert Syndrome
  • Cancer.

Post-Hepatic Jaundice – :

Caused due to the problem in the normal drainage of bile secreted by liver to the intestine. Factors that leads to Post Hepatic Jaundice are

  • Gallstones in bile ducts or tracts or pipes.
  • Cancer
  • Structure of bile ducts
  • cholangitis
  • congenital malformations
  • Pancreatitis
  • Parasites

Symptoms of Jaundice :

Some common symptoms seen in all patients are:

  • Yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes sell as whites of the eyes.
  • Light-colored stools
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Itching of the skin.

Some probably voluntary signs that the body shows:

  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Fever
  • weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Swelling of legs and abdomen.

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