Date : 24-Feb-2018
Inflammatory bowel disease also known as IBD is prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract due to a group of intestinal disorders. The two major types of Inflammatory bowel disease are Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD).
Ulcerative Colitis is a condition which causes chronic inflammation in the lining of the large intestine (Colon). It usually affects the sigmoid colon (lower section) and the rectum. It may sometimes affect the whole colon.
Crohn’s Disease is the inflammation of the digestive or Gastrointestinal tract. It can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. But most commonly occurs at the end of the small intestine. It can also affect the eyes, skin and joints.
The exact cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease is unknown. But there is a genetic susceptibility for IBD and problems with the immune system have been associated with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
Normally immune system defends the body from organisms that cause diseases and infection. Sometimes, a bacterial or viral infection of the digestive tract triggers the immune response. As a result the body tries to fight off the invaders and result in the inflammation of the digestive tract.
The Risk factors for developing IBD
The biggest risk factors for developing IBD include:
The following are some of the symptoms of IBD. The symptoms may vary according to the severity and location of the inflammation.
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