Date : 07-Mar-2019
Gastrointestinal bleeding is not a disease but a symptom of any disorder in the digestive tract. It is also known as gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The bleeding can happen from anywhere on the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth (where it starts) to the anus (where it ends). The bleeding can range from mild to severe depending on the disease that one is affected. To locate and detect the actual cause of the bleeding, sophisticated imaging technology is used.
Symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding depend on the location of the bleeding and can be either obvious or hidden.
When it’s obvious, blood might show up in vomit or stool. Whereas fainting, lightheadedness, difficulty in breathing, or chest pain can be some of the disguised symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding.
Gastrointestinal bleeding if not treated can cause some complications including shock, anemia, and even death in some severe cases. Diagnosis of the cause of GI bleeding and its treatment must be done as soon as any sign or symptom appears.
Often it is seen that GI bleeding stops on its own and doesn’t require treatment. If one experiences prolonged bleeding, the tests are further done and the correct medicines are prescribed.
All patients who had vomited blood or spat blood should definitely see a doctor and the cause requires investigation. The cause quite often is a simple one but at times can be an ominous one too. In the case of an ominous cause, the patient can bleed again needing urgent hospitalization. While a majority of patients can get their bleeding settled by gastroenterologists with the help of an endoscope, some patients with massive bleeding will require a surgical operation. Very few surgeons are trained in treating this group of patients. So a well trained GI surgeon with experience in treating Gastro-intestinal bleeding is required to save these patients who will usually be young and do not harbor any cancer.
One can prevent gastrointestinal bleeding by:
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