Duodenal ulcer

A peptic ulcer in the duodenum is a called a duodenal ulcer. It is a defect in the lining of the stomach in the first layer of the small intestine called the duodenum. The lining of the small intestines usually protects itself from any mucosal versus acid imbalances. If this balance breaks down the tissue becomes swollen and inflamed and causes ulcerative formations in the duodenum.

Duodenal Ulcer

Duodenal vs Gastric ulcers (causes)

Gastrointestinal disturbances are very common nowadays mostly due to unsettling lifestyles and stress levels. Gastric and duodenal ulcers are anatomically different. The small intestine has three parts the duodenum, the ileum and jejunum, therefore the duodenum is part of the small intestine. The causes of both the diseases are almost the same.

  • Caused by H. pylori bacterium
  • Excessive usage of anti-inflammatory and anti-bleeding drugs
  • Smoking
  • Obesity

Symptoms and complications

  • Pain experienced 3 hours after consumption of foods
  • Burning and pain is relieved by eating : the pyloric sphincter closes
  • Causes weight gain
  • Pain during sleep
  • Bloating
  • Retching
  • Feeling extremely full after a meal
  • Bleeding ulcer
  • Perforation – the ulcer can perforate the walls of the duodenum causing food and acid to leak into the abdomen. This could even lead to a medical emergency

Diagnosis for Duodenal ulcer

Barium swallow: Upper GI series This is particularly done to examine the upper part of the digestive system, which may include the esophagus, the stomach and the duodenum. The chalky liquid barium is swallowed to coat the organs and an x-ray is obtained to examine them for ulcerative formations.

EGD or Esophagogastroduodenoscopy or upper endoscopy: A thin tube with light at the end of the tube is guided through all three organs resting in the upper abdomen, the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. They are viewed inside the body with the aid of the light and some sample tissue collected for biopsy.

Breath, blood and stomach tissue tests: These tests are conducted to specifically detect the presence of H. pylori in the organs. These sometimes trigger negative results in people who have recently consumed antibiotics. In any other case, these tests are most effective in detecting the bacteria.

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